1. Hernandez M., Goldberg, B., Robson R., Owens, K., Blake-Plock, S, Welch, T. & Ray, F. (2022) Enhancing the Total Learning Architecture for Experiential Learning. Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation, and Education Conference (I/ITSEC) 2022.
  2. Robson, R., Kelsey, E., Egerton, L., Nasir, S., & Glover, K. Aligning Training with Desired Skills: The Outer Loop for Upskilling. Book chapter to appear workshop proceedings of Intelligent Tutoring System Applications for Professional Career Education Career Education) published by the US Army Research Laboratory.
  3. Kyllonen, P., Robson, R., Kay, J. & Pokorny, B. (2022). Competency Based Scenario Design. To appear in Design Recommendations for Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Vol 10: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats Analyses of ITSs. US Army Research Laboratory.
  4. Robson R., Ray, F., Hernandez M., Blake-Plock, S, Casey, C., Hoyt, W., Owens, K., Hoffman, M., & Goldberg, B. (2022) Mining Artificially Generated Data to Estimate Competency. Proceedings of Educational Data Mining 2022, Durham, UK
  5. Molnar, L., Mehta, R. & Robson, R. Robson, R. (2022) Artificial Intelligence (AI), the Future of Work, and the Building of a National Talent Ecosystem. Proceedings of AI and Education 2022, Durham, UK
  6. Owens, K., Goldberg, B., Robson, R., Hoffman, M., Ray, F., Colburn, A., Hernandez, M., Divovic, M., Blake-Plock, S. & Casey, C. (2022). Synthetic Training Environment Experiential Learning for Readiness (STEEL-R) Demonstration. Proceedings of the 10th Annual GIFT Users Symposium (GIFTSym10), Orlando, FL.
  7. Kelsey, E., Goel, A., Egerton, L., Nasir, S., Lisle, M., A. LaFleur, A., and Robson, E. (2022). Extended Abstract: Making AI work for skills-based training: A case study. International Training Technology Exhibition & Conference (IT²EC) 2022, London, UK.
  8. Robson, R., Kelsey, E., Goel, A., Nasir, S. M., Robson, E., Garn, M. Lisle, M. Kitchens, J., Rugaber, S. & Ray, F. (2022). Intelligent Links: AI-supported connections between Employers and Colleges. AI Magazine, Vol 43 (1). Spring 2022.
  9. Robson R., Hu X., Robson, E. & Graesser, A. (2022). Mathematical Models to Determine Competencies. In Design Recommendations for Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Volume 9 – Competency-Based Scenario Design. Sinatra, A.M., Graesser, A.C., Hu, X., Goldberg, B., Hampton, A.J., and Johnston, J.H. (Eds.). US Army Combat Capabilities Development Command – Soldier Center. ISBN 978-0-9977258-1-0. Pp. 107 – 112. Available at:
  10. Lisle, M. and Robson, R. (2021). Supporting Companies and Colleges as they Reskill the Workforce of the Future. The Evolllution. ( 10-October-2021.
  11. Goldberg, B., Owens, K., Gupton,K., Hellman, K., Robson, R., Blake-Plock, S. & Hoffman, M. (2021). Forging Competency and Proficiency through the Synthetic Training Environment with an Experiential Learning for Readiness Strategy. Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation, and Education Conference (I/ITSEC) 2021.
  12. Robson, E., Robson, R., Buskirk T., Ray, F., and Owens, K. (2021). An Experiential Competency Application Framework. In International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction 2021. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) vol. 12793, p. 121-134, Springer-Verlag.
  13. Robson, R. (2020). IEEE SA Open: Engaging Industry, Academia and Researchers in Open Source Development. Computer. IEEE Computer Society.(June, 2020)
  14. Robson, R., Havas, K., Ray, R., Schatz, S., Stafford, M., Robson, E., Brewer, V., Hernandez, M. , Smith, B.,  & Gordon, J. (2020). Competency Framework Development Process Report. Defense Technical Information Center.
  15. Ray, F. & Robson, R. (2020). Sewing a Digital Thread with Competencies. Proceedings of IT2EC 2022. London, UK 2022. [Written in 2020 and revised in 2022 for postponed conference]
  16. Sottilare, R., Barr, A. , Graesser, A., Hu, X, and Robson, R. (2019). Editors of Proceedings of  the 2nd Adaptive Instructional System (AIS) Standards Workshop. IEEE.
  17. Barr, A. & Robson, R. (2019). Missing Pieces: Infrastructure Requirements for Adaptive Instructional Systems. In Proceedings 21st International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, Orlando, FL 2019.
  18. Barr, A. & Robson, R. (2019). The Locus of Learner Data: Infrastructure to Support AI-Enhanced Learning. In Proceedings 21st International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, Orlando, FL 2019.
  19. Robson, R. Assessing Competencies Instead of Learning Outcomes. (2019). Proceedings of AI in Adaptive Education 2019, Beijing, China.
  20. Robson, R. (2019) Understanding how AI is applied to training: Proceeding of ITEC 2019, Stockholm, Sweden.
  21. Robson, R & Barr, A.  (2018). Learning Technology Standards-the New Awakening. In Proceedings of the Sixth Annual GIFT Users Symposium, vol. 6, p. 323 -331. US Army Research Laboratory, 2018.
  22. Robson R. & Barr, A. (2018). The New Wave of Training Technology Standards.  Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation & Education Conference (I/ITSEC) (Vol. 2018, No. 1). National Training Systems Association.
  23. Robson, R., Sottilare, R., & Barr, A. (2018). Overcoming Barriers to the Adoption of IEEE Standards for Adaptive Instructional Systems (AISs). AI in Education, 2018.
  24. Robson, R., Berking, P., Veden, A., Havas, K., Costa, J. & Robson E. (2018). PeBL: A Next-Generation Mobile Platform for Adaptive Immersive Training. International Forum for the Military Simulation, Training, and Education Community, ITEC 2018.
  25. Robson, R., Hu, X., & Barr, A. (2017). Why Data Standards are Critical for EDM and AIED. Published as tutorial in Educational Data Mining conference, 2017.
  26. Robson, R. & Poltrack, J. (2017). Using Competencies to Map Performance across Multiple Activities. Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation & Education Conference (I/ITSEC) (Vol. 2017, 1). National Training Systems Association.
  27. Reitsma, Hsieh, P. – H., Diekema, A., Robson, R., and Zarsky, M., (2016) Map‑ or List‑based Recommender Agents? Does the Map Metaphor Fulfill its Promise? Information Visualization, 2016.
  28. Robson R. (2015). Improving Education, Training and Career Advancement through Competency Portability. Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation & Education Conference (I/ITSEC) (Vol. 2015, 1). National Training Systems Association.
  29. Kelsey, E., Ray, F., Brown, D., Robson, R. (2015). Design of a Domain-Independent, Interactive, Dialogue-based Tutor for Use within the GIFT Framework. GIFT3SYM, Orlando, Florida.
  30. Reitsma, R, Ray, F & Robson R. (2015). Estimation and Visualization of Digital Library Content Similarities. Thirty Sixth International Conference on Information Systems, Fort Worth, Tx.
  31. Robson E. & Robson R. (2014). Automated Content Alignment for Adaptive Personalized Learning. Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation & Education Conference (I/ITSEC) (Vol. 2014, 1). National Training Systems Association.
  32. Rode, C., Robson, R., Purviance, A., Geary, D., Mary, U. (2014). Is Working Memory Training Effective? A Study in a School Setting. PLOS ONE.
  33. Ray, F., Brawner, K. & Robson, R. (2014) Using Data Mining to Automate ADDIE.  7th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (July, 2014, London, UK).
  34. Robson, R., Ray, F., & Cai, Z. (2013). Transforming Content into Dialogue-based Intelligent Tutors. In Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation & Education Conference (I/ITSEC) (Vol. 2013, No. 1). National Training Systems Association.
  35. Robson, R. & Barr A. (2013) Lowering the Barrier to Adoption of Intelligent Tutoring Systems through Standardization. In Design Recommendations for Adaptive Intelligent Tutoring Systems Learner Modeling (Vol. I), Sottilare, R., Holden, H., Graesser, A. & Hu, X. eds. Army Research Lab.
  36. Robson, R., Hu, X. & Cai, Z. (2013) The Need for a Mathematical Model of Intelligent Tutoring. In Design Recommendations for Adaptive Intelligent Tutoring Systems Learner Modeling (Vol. I), Sottilare, R., Holden, H., Graesser, A. & Hu, X. eds. Army Research Lab.
  37. Robson, R. (2012) The Changing Nature of eLearning Content. Chapter in Reshaping Learning, R. Huang, Kinshuk & J. M. Spector, Eds. Springer Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg.
  38. Robson, R. & Ray, F. (2012). Applying Semantic Analysis to Training, Education, and Immersive Learning. In Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation & Education Conference (I/ITSEC) (Vol. 2012, No. 1). National Training Systems Association.
  39. Mesenbrink, V. , Robson, R., Wagle, S. (2010) Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) Registry Support. Report prepared for the Advanced Distributed Learning initiative. April, 2010.
  40. Robson, R. & Richards, T. (2010). Standards – The Agony and Ecstasy of ADL. In R.A. Wisher and B.H. Khan, (Eds.), Learning on demand: ADL and the future of e-learning (pp. 1-20) Washington DC: ADL Initiative
  41. Regan, D.  & Robson, R. (2008). Aligning Instructional Design and Technical Standards, Interservice / Industry Training, Simulation, and Education Conference (I/ITSEC) 2008
  42. Robson, R. & McElroy, P. (2008). Transforming to Next Generation Digital Learning Content. Adobe Systems Incorporated.
  43. Robson, R. (2007). Reusability and Reusable Design. Chapter in Second Edition of Trends and Issues in Instructional Design edited by John V. Dempsey and Robert A. Reiser. Merill / Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey
  44. Robson, R. (2006). Globalization and the Future of Standardization. Computer Magazine. Vol. 39, # 7, p. 82 – 84. (July 2006). IEEE Computer Society.
  45. Cull, P., Flahive, M., & Robson, R. (2005). Difference Equations from Rabbits to Chaos. An Undergraduate Text in Mathematics. Springer Verlag.
  46. Robson, R. (2005) Putting Course Management Systems Behind Us. Chaper in McGee, Jafari, and Carmean, ed., Course Management Systems for Learning: Beyond Accidental Pedagogy. IDEA Group, Hershey, PA. p. 282 – 295.
  47. Collier, G., Richards, R. & Robson, R. (2005). Content Integration, e-Learning Standards and Middleware, White Paper sponsored by Recombo, Inc.
  48. Robson, R. (2004). Information Products, Learning Objects and Context, Chapter in McGreal, R. ed., Online Education Using Learning Objects, Routledge Falmer, Oxford & New York.
  49. Robson, (2004). Learning and Information Management in Education — As We May Learn. Macromedia White Paper, Macromedia Inc
  50. Hanson, P. & Robson, R. Evaluating Course Management Technology: A Pilot Case Study. Educause Center for Applied Research Bulletin. Vol. 2004 (24), November 23, 2004
  51. Collier, G., Piccariello, H., and Robson, R. (2004) Digital Rights Management: Tools and Applications for Implementing DRM in a Digital Ecosystem. Educause Center for Applied Research Bulletin. Vol. 2004 (22), October 26, 2004
  52. Collier, G., and Robson, R. (2004). Digital Rights Management for Research and Education. White paper written for the Macquarie E-learning Centre of Excellence, University of Macquarie, Australia.
  53. Hanson, P. & Robson, R. (2003). Course Management Technology Evaluation Framework. Educause Center for Applied Research. Research Bulletin. Vol. 2003 (14), July 8, 2003.
  54. Robson, R., Norris, D., Lefrere, P., Collier, G., Mason, J. (2003) Share and Share Alike: The E-Knowledge Transformation  Comes    to    Campus. Educause  Review, September/October 2003. Online only.
  55. Robson R. Norris D., Lefrere, P., Collier G., Mason, J. (2003) A Revolution in Knowledge Sharing. Educause Review, Sept/Oct 2003, 38 (5), 14 – 26. Educause, Washington, DC.
  56. Merriman, , & Robson, R. (2003). The Open Knowledge Initiative. World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications 2003 (1), 92-94.
  57. Robson, R. (2003). Open Source Opens Doors. Learning & Training Innovations, Nov/Dec 2003. Vol. 4 (6), p. 63.
  58. Robson, R. (2003). Leveraging Modeling & Simulation Capabilities. Learning & Training Innovations, July/August 2003, Vol. 4 (5), p. 11.
  59. Robson, R. (2003). The Promise of Web Learning & Training Innovations, May/June 2003, Vol. 4 (4), p 10 – 11.
  60. Robson, (2003). When Should You Adopt a Standard? Learning & Training Innovations, Apr 2003, Vol. 4 (3), p 14 – 15.
  61. Robson, R. (2003). Exploring the Library Community. Learning & Training Innovations, Supplemental Trade Show Edition, Apr 2003. p 16.
  62. Robson, R. (2003). E-learning Meets Security Policies. e-learning Magazine, Feb/Mar 2003, Vol. 4 (2), p 14 – 15.
  63. Robson, R. (2003). Have We Reached Interoperability Nirvana? e-learning Magazine, Jan 2003, Vol. 4 (1), p 22 – 23.
  64. Robson, R. (2002). The Digital Debate. e-learning Magazine, Nov/Dec 2002, Vol. 3 (10), p 10 – 11.
  65. Robson, R. (2002). Reusable Learning Objects. e-learning Magazine, Oct 2002, Vol. 3 (9), p 18 – 19.
  66. Robson, R. (2002). SCORM Steps Up. e-learning Magazine, Aug/Sep 2002, Vol. 3 (8), p 48 – 50.
  67. Robson, R. (2002). Set Your Sights. e-learning Magazine, Jul 2002, Vol. 3 (7), p 18 – 19.
  68. Robson, R. (2002). Gaze into the Crystal Ball. e-learning Magazine, Jun 2002, Vol. 3 (6), p 18 – 19.
  69. Robson, R. (2002). Metadata, Schmetadata. e-learning Magazine, May 2002, Vol. 3 (5), p 48 – 49.
  70. Robson, R. (2002). Explaining E-learning to a Stranger. e-learning Magazine, Mar 2002, Vol. 3 (3), p 48 – 49.
  71. Robson, R. & Collier, G. (2002). eLearning Interoperability Standards. White Paper. Sun Microsystems.
  72. Robson, R. (2001). Pedagogic Metadata. Interactive Learning Environments, 9(3), 207– 218, Swets & Zeitlinger, the Netherlands.
  73. Duval, & Robson, R. (2001), Guest Editorial on Metadata. Interactive Learning Environments, 9 (3), 201 – 205, Swets & Zeitlinger, the Netherlands
  74. Latiolais, & Robson, R. (2000). Standards-Based Education, FOCUS, 20(5), 12 – 13, Mathematical Association of America, Washington, D.C
  75. Robson, R. & Shor, M. (2000) A Student-Centered Feedback Control Model of the Educational Process. Frontiers in Education Conference, 2000. FIE 2000. 30th Annual Conference, Volume: 2, Page(s): S1A/14 -S1A/19 vol.2
  76. Robson, (2000). e-REU. in J. Gallian, Ed., Conference on Summer Undergraduate Mathematics Research Programs. The American Mathematical Society, Providence, RI., 337-340.
  77. Robson, R. (2000). Report on Learning Technology. World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications 2000 (1), 971-976.
  78. Robson, R. (1999.) WWW-Based Course-Support Systems: The First Generation, International Journal of Educational Telecommunications, Vol. 5, Issue. 4, 1999, pp. 271-282
  79. Robson, R. (1999). Object-oriented Instructional Design and Applications to the Web. World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications 1999 (1), 698-702
  80. Robson, R. (1999) A Mathematician’s Guide to IMS Metadata. American Mathematics Metadata Task Force.
  81. Robson, R. (1999). Illustrated Principles for Web-based Course Design.  Proc. of the Eleventh Annual International Conference on Technology in Collegiate Mathematics, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.
  82. Landon, and Robson, R. (1999). Technical Issues in Systems for WWW-Based Course Support. International Journal of Educational Telecommunications. 5(4), 437-452.
  83. Latiolais, P. & Robson, R. (1999) Standards Based Education and Its Implications for Mathematics Faculty, MAA On-line, Mathematical Association of America, Washington, D.C.
  84. Robson, R. and Whitesitt J. (1999). Probability Park: A Database-backed Standards-based Professional Development Environment, Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education International Conference, Vol. 1999, Issue. 1, 1999, pp. 585-590
  85. Robson, R. (1998) Taming the Tiger: The Role of Technology in Standards-based Education, 10th Annual International Conference on Technology in Collegiate Mathematics ’97, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA. 382-387
  86. Robson, R.(1998). Probability Park (an online teacher education environment)
  87. Bogley, W., Dorbolo, J., Robson R., & Sechrest, J. (1997). Pedagogic Innovations in Web-based Instruction. Ninth International Conference on Technology in Collegiate Mathematics. Addison- Wesley, Reading, MA. 421-425
  88. Roberts and Robson, R. (1997). Electronic Transcripts in the Age of Standards, World Conference of the World Wide Web Internet and Intranet, 1997. pp. 729-731
  89. Bogley, A., Dorbolo, J., Robson, R., and Sechrest, J. (1996). New Pedagogies and Tools for Web-based Calculus, World Conference of the Web Society (1996). 33-39.
  90. Bogley, W. and Robson, R. (1996). CalculusQuest: Differential Calculus. (Web-based calculus course.)
  91. Sechrest, J., Robson, R. et. al. (1995 – 1996). QuestWriter (a course management system used at Oregon State University).
  92. Becker E.,  Robson,  R.,  Schrage,  G.  (1995)  Variationen  über  ein  diophantisches  Thema.  Elemente der Mathematik. (A German Springer Education Publication)
  93. Jacob, B., & Lam, T. Y. (1994). Recent advances in real algebraic geometry and quadratic forms: Proceedings of the RAGSQUAD year, Berkeley, 1990-1991 (Contemporary Mathematics, Vol. 155). American Mathematical Society (1994).
  94. Robson, R. (1991) Separating Points from Convex Sets over Ordered Fields and a Metric for Rn, A.M.S. Transactions 326, 301 – 327
  95. Robson, R. (1991) Separating Points from Convex Sets over Ordered Fields and a Metric for Rn, A.M.S. Transactions 326, 301 – 327
  96. Robson, (1990). Spectra and Model Theory. Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra 63. pp. 301 – 327
  97. Robson, R. (1989). The Oregon State University REU Program: Can Undergraduates do Research? MAA Notes vol. 18, Models for Undergraduate Research in Mathematics, edited by Lester J. Senechal
  98. Robson, R. (1988). Local semianalytic geometry. Manuscripta Mathematica 63. pp. 215 -231
  99. Robson, R. (1988). An Artin conjecture for two-term recurrence sequences. Math Reports of the Academy of Sciences, Canada. vol. X(2), pp. 65 -70.
  100. Robson, R. (1986). Nash wings and real prime divisors. Mathematische Annalen, 273. pp. 177 -190.
  101. Robson, R. (1984). Constructing real prime divisors using Nash Wings. Rocky Mountain Journal of Mathematics, 14. pp. 967 – 969.
  102. Robson, R. (1983). Embedding Semialgebraic Spaces. Mathematische Zeitschrift 183, pp. 365 -370

    Contributions to Standards
  103. IEEE P1484.20.3. Standard Data Model for Sharable Competency Definitions
  104. IEEE P7919.1. Requirements for eReaders to Support Learning Applications (In IEEE-SA Ballot)
  105. IEEE 3652.1-2020. Standard for Federated Machine Learning.
  106. IEEE 1589-2020. Using Augmented Reality to Create Learning Environments.
  107. ADL Initiative, Shareable Content Object Reference Model, v1.1, 1.2, and 2004
  108. IEEE 1484.20.1-2007. Data Model for Reusable Competency Definitions.
  109. IEEE 1484.4-2006 Trial Use Recommended Practice for Digital Rights Expression Languages (DRELs) Suitable for eLearning Technologies
  110. IEEE 1484.11.3-2005. Standard for Learning Technology Extensible Markup Language (XML) Schema Binding for Data Model for Content Object Communication. (Published 2005, under revision 2018).
  111. IEEE 1484.12.3-2005 – IEEE Standard for Extensible Markup Language (XML) Schema Definition Language Binding for Learning Object Metadata
  112. IEEE 1484.11.1-2004 Data Model for Content Object Communication.
  113. IEEE 1484.11.2-2003. IEEE Standard for Learning Technology — ECMAScript Application Programming Interface for Content to Runtime Services Communication
  114. Advanced Distributed Learning initiative. (October, 2003). Cross-Domain Scripting Issue. (
  115. IEEE 1484.12.1-2002. IEEE Standard for Learning Object Metadata
  116. The IMS Global Learning Consortium, October 2002). IMS Reusable Definition of Competency or Educational Objective Best Practice and Implementation Guide, V 1.0
  117. Friesen, N., Mourad, M., Robson, R. (2002). Towards a Digital Rights Expression Language Standard for Learning Technology: A Report of the IEEE Learning Technology Standards Committee Digital Rights Expression Language Study Group.
  118. Smythe, C., Tansey, F. and Robson, R. (March, 2001). IMS Learner Information Package Best Practice and Implementation Guide, Version 1.0., The IMS Global Learning Consortium

  119. Enzinger, E. and Robson, R. (2020) Developing Techniques for Detecting Voice Phishing in Real Time. Provisional Application. US 62/951,540
  120. Kelsey, E., Goetschalckx, R., Ray, R., Veden, A., Robson, E., & Robson, R. (2018). Automated Tool for Question Generation. US 62/469,807 Patent to be published 2020. European application 18764977.7.
  121. Robson, R. & Hald, M. (2012). Automated Metadata Generation of Learning and Knowledge Objects.  Patent US8140463. Filed 10/19/2008. Granted 3/20/2012
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